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Parental Control Software

Parental Control Software

The Benefits of Parental Control Software


The Internet can be an invaluable resource for kids. Kids can use it to communicate with other students and teachers, perform research for school reports, and enjoy interactive games. Once a kid knows how to properly use a computer, he or she has nearly unlimited access to anything.
This sort of access can be very dangerous for kids who do not know how to protect themselves on the internet. Internet safety for kids is vital in order to be aware of just what a kid sees or hears through the internet, what the child share about him or herself, or who he or she may meet.
Websites that are inaccurate, violent, extreme, self-destructive, or not age appropriate are not ideal for young children and should be avoided. A good way to avoid this is to limit computer and time only let a computer be used in public or common areas of the home. Utilizing parental control services can also prevent access to these sites. Another very important point is to discuss what sites are allowed and not allowed, and what to look out for, such as if a site asks for personal information.
Online tools and programs such as parental control software are available that will let a parent control a child’s access to inappropriate material and also protect them from potential internet predators. While parental control software is not enough guarantee that children will entirely avoid the risks of the Internet, it will help significantly reduce the risks of harm.
There are many internet service providers that have parent-control options in order to block inappropriate material from coming into a computer.  Parental control software can also help block access to sites based on a list of bad sites that the ISP creates. Parental control software and filtering programs can block sites and restrict personal information from being sent. Other programs can track and monitor online activity. 
Some features of parental control software include:
Block websites of different categories of inappropriate content, such as drugs, pornography, gambling, malware/spyware, violence/hate/racism, phishing.
Force major search  engines to use safe searching.
Create time restrictions in order to block web access during times designated by a parent.
Create and configure custom lists for sites that should always be allowed or blocked.
Override certain web page blocks with password use.
Provide anti-tampering to the parental control software so children cannot override the software.
Logs of viewed windows, chat conversations, website visits, application usage, keystrokes typed, screenshots, and online searches.
Create and view simple reports to control and monitor web activity of a child.
Constant real-time organization and categorization of newly created adult and malicious sites.
More parental control software and internet filter access.

October: The National Cyber Security Awareness Month

October: The National Cyber Security Awareness Month

The Federal Bureau of Investigation has announced, for the ninth year in a row, that October is the National Cyber Security Awareness Month.  The announcement was made by FBI because, according to FBI Director Robert Mueller, “Cyber security may well become our highest priority in the years to come.”

The FBI reports that it is focusing on two of the greatest threats to national security, which include computer intrusions and network attacks.  The FBI also reports the creation of two different task forces in each field office.  The first task force, called Cyber Task Force, will focus primarily on intrusions and attacks while receiving help from other cyber units.  The second task force, called Child Exploitation Task Force, will focus on crimes against children.  The FBI is also increasing the size of the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force which combines several agencies to address cyber threat concerns and stop future attacks.  

The announcements add to the programs already operating under the FBI.  For example, the Innocent Images National Initiative targets online child predators.  Additionally, the Internet Crime Complaint Center is a partnership between the FBI and the National White Crime Center that makes it easy to report cyber complaints.  

The FBI reports that every American can help amplify cyber security by using simple techniques like those listed below:

•    keep strong passwords and keep these passwords to yourself
•    keep all system, browser, and other software updated
•    keep from posting too much personal information online, and use privacy setting to only share information with your friends
•    use caution when reading material online
•    talk with your family, friends and community about internet safety

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Ohio Residents Warned of Malicious Malware

Ohio Residents Warned of Malicious Malware

On October 4, 2012, Todd Lindgren, a Public Affairs Specialist, made a special announcement to all residents in central and southern Ohio.  The announcement was made because residents in the central and southern parts of the state are still reporting that their computers are becoming infected by a virus called the Reveton ransomware virus.  

The virus can install itself on a person’s computer when the internet user travels to a certain website.  Once the virus is downloaded, the computer will lock and show a message that states the FBI or Department of Justice has identified the computer as engaging in illegal activities under federal law.  Further instructions state the internet user needs to send a prepaid money card to have the machine unlocked or they will face criminal prosecution.  

The FBI reminds the public that this message is a virus and internet scam used to extort money.  The FBI never sends messages that request money.  Even though the FBI has issued previous warnings, the FBI Cincinnati Division is still receiving complaints about the virus.  

If you believe your computer has been infected with the virus, you need to take the following steps:

•    Do not send any money or provide any personal information
•    Contact a professional right away and have the malware and virus removed from your computer
•    If you can unfreeze your computer, you still need to contact a professional right away because malware can hide in the background and steal personal information like user names, passwords, financial information, and more
•    Make sure to file a complaint at www.ic3.gov and keep updated on the Reveton virus on the same website

If you want more information about this scam and other scams, you can visit the Internet Crime Complaint Center at www.ic3.gov.  

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Caution Android Users: Malware Alert

Caution Android Users: Malware Alert

 

On October 12, 2012, the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) warned mobile users with Android operating systems of new Malware.  Two new types of malware, called Loozfon and FinFisher, have targeted Android users.  
 
 
IC3 reports that Loozfon is a type of malware that steals information.  The malware uses a gimmick to steal contacts from user’s address book and their phone number.  Beware of a work-at-home advertisement that promises profit every day by just sending out emails.  The link on the advertisement can cause your Android device to become infected with the Malware.  
Malware Alert: Android Users Take Caution
On October 12, 2012, the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) warned mobile users with Android operating systems of new Malware.  Two new types of malware, called Loozfon and FinFisher, have targeted Android users.  
 
 
IC3 reports that Loozfon is a type of malware that steals information.  The malware uses a gimmick to steal contacts from user’s address book and their phone number.  Beware of a work-at-home advertisement that promises profit every day by just sending out emails.  The link on the advertisement can cause your Android device to become infected with the Malware.  
 
 
IC3 reports that FinFisher can take over components on the Android mobile device.  If the Malware is installed on the device, it can be tracked and monitored in any location.  Beware of links and text messages that provide a system update.  
 
 
Updates for your operating systems are installed through your phone’s settings.  A service provider may send you text message if a system update is available for your phone, but you’ll still have to access your phone settings.  Malware will have you install updates through an external link.  
 
 
In order to protect your device, IC3 recommends you regard the following safety tips.  
 
 
-Know the default settings for your phone and shut off any other features that are not required.  This -limits how Malware can target your phone.
-Allow for the encryption of personal data on your phone if the operating system allows for it.  
-Look at reviews of an application before downloading it.  
-Allow passcode protect your phone.
-Look for applications that offer antivirus software.
-Be suspicious of strange applications that ask for Geo-location.
-Do not allow your device to automatically connect to wireless networks.  
-Wipe off all your data if you trade in or sell your phone.
-Make sure your device is updated.
 
 
Source: Internet Crime Complaint Center

Facebook Scam with Photo Notification

Facebook Scam with Photo Notification

 

A systemic scam is exposing Facebook users to malware and other computer viruses. This new Facebook scam with Photo Notification is initiated via email; the virus is triggered by an email claiming “one of your friends added a new photo of new you.” When receiving this notification it is essential that you scour it for abnormalities.

The gist of the Facebook scam with Photo Notification revolves around the email that claims one of your friends added a photo of you. The email is somewhat slick as it features a Facebook-like blue headline and greeting. The click button—the tab that ultimately triggers the new Facebook scam with Photo Notification—reads “view photo with you in the attachment.”

Needless to say, if you receive the email, do not click the “view button.” If this email is perpetually sent to your inbox you should check with Facebook Security to be advised to any additional protection measures. Never open any attachment if you do not know the sender.

The new Facebook scam with Photo Notification is a new strain of malware identified by various Internet security firms as Troj/Agent-XNN. If you click on the infected link, which again is disguised as a Facebook notification email, you will open a malware-containing ZIP that allows hackers to gain control over your Windows-operated computers.

Facebook scams often appear to be constructed under different guises; however, the crux of the cyber-attacks possesses a common threat—malware is always hidden under catchy phrases or notification alerts that aim to trigger your attention. “See who is looking at your profile!” Or in this case “your friend added a new photo with you to the album.” The primary difference between the Facebook scam with Photo Notification email and a tagging email sent by the actual company is that Facebook will tell you which friend tagged you, whereas the scam email will not provide actual names of your friends.

Although Facebook scams–which use the popular social networking site as the primary duping mechanism– are cleverly-crafted, there is one simple defense to prevent the infiltration of harmful software on your computer—simply do not click on any emails from senders you do not know.

Quick Guide to Understanding Domain Name

Quick Guide to Understanding Domain Name

Identifying a Domain Name

A Domain Name is the identifying, digital location of a website that is comprised of a name or titles that is entered in-between the prefix ‘https://’ and the ending suffix, which typically begins with a ‘.’; the most common form of a Domain Name suffix is ‘.com’. 


What is a Domain Name?
Upon the explosion of the Internet’s popularity with regard to society – both in a physical and virtual formulation – the opportunity for online enterprise gave way to marketing, commercial, and sales endeavors rooted within an online presence. Domain names – which are defined as the virtual, identifying locale of a specific website – have begun to be traded, bought, and sold as viable, money-making commodities – this expression of domain name ‘real estate’ has not only introduced new methods of commercial enterprise, but has also given way to technology-based criminal activity. 

Domain Name Legality
In many cases that involve commercial activity with regard to a Domain Name, companies will utilize their respective business name or commercial identifier as the content of their Domain Name, and as a result, criminal activity known as ‘Cybersquatting’ began to emerge; Cybersquatting is the illegal, unlawful, and unethical commercial behavior exuded by an individual entity with regard to a Domain Name – cybersquatting can take place in a variety of forms:
The unwillingness to part with a Domain Name for illicit reasoning
The withholding of a Domain Name that copyrighted by an individual or entity
The extortion of monies or economic gain through the sale of a Domain Name

Importance of Domain Registration

Importance of Domain Registration

What is Domain Registration?

Domain Registration is classified as the authorization of personal or private ownership with regard to a Domain Name upon the transfer of ownership; Domain Registration is a necessary process to which must be adhered – this procedure must take place regardless of the means of acquiring the Domain Name in question. 
Domain Registration and Cyber Law

Cyber Lawis considered to be one of the most recently developed legal specialties that address the legislation and legality innate with the expressed legal and lawful decorum required while engaging in the use of a computer, electronic network, or telecommunications system; Cyber Lawensures that all business practices, interpersonal communications, and online behavior resides within any and all legal protocol.

Why is Domain Registration Important?

Due to the fact the popularity and expansiveness of the Internet has allowed for it to serve as not only an advanced communications tool – but a commercial resource as well – the accuracy, authenticity, and adherence to legal stipulation is necessity in order to maintain legality with regard to events and circumstances surrounding the functionality of online, Internet-based endeavors. Domain Registration ensures the following:
The Anti-cybersquatting Act precludes that only individuals with legal rights through copyright ownership(s) are entitled to engage in Domain Registration with regard to specific domain names; this protects the rights of both Domain Name owners, as well as their businesses
Domain Registration illustrates that an individual – or group – have become the legal, rightful, and lawful owner of a specific domain name; this will disallow any further transfer of ownership of that specific domain without the expressed consent of the owner(s)

Understanding Eminent Domain

Understanding Eminent Domain

What is Eminent Domain?


In the United States, eminent domain refers to an action conducted by a state or government body. 
Eminent domain refers to the state’s ability to seize a citizen’s private property, or seize a citizen’s right to obtain property with due monetary compensation, but without the owner’s consent. 
The property in question is taken either for government use or by delegation to third parties who will devote the property to public or civic use. In some cases, however, the property seized may be used to spark economic development in a specific community or area.
The most common uses of property obtained by eminent domain are for the construction an advancement of various public utilities such as railroads and highways. Additionally, however, the property obtained may also be taken for reasons of public safety.
Eminent domain is a process administered by a government body where the formal property title of the private owner is transferred to the government. That being said, the exercise of eminent domain is not limited to real property; governing bodies may also seize personal property, such as supplies that could be used for the military during times of war. Furthermore, a governing body can also seize intangible property such as copyrights, trade secrets, patents and contract rights. 
Eminent domain is an inherent attribute of sovereignty; it is a part of the Fifth Amendment’s ruling of Taking or Just Compensation clause. That being said, the government cannot take an individual’s possessions without reason; the Fifth Amendment imposes limitations on a government’s ability to seize property—the property aligned with the procedure must be used for public safety or service and just compensation must be paid to the owner. 
 Although the Fifth Amendment requires the delivery of payment of “just compensation” to the original or rightful owner of the attached property or right, American courts have held that the proper measure of compensation is the good’s attached “fair market value.” Fair market value refers to the price that a willing, but unpressured buyer, would pay for the underling piece of property, right, or item. This approach also takes into the account the property or right’s highest and best use, meaning its most profitable use, which is not necessarily the item’s current use. 
The power given to a government, in regards to eminent domain, has always existed in the United States. The power of eminent domain reposes in the legislative branch of government and may not be delivered unless the legislature has authorized its use by statues that specify who may exercise it and for what purposes. The legislature may delegate the power to private entities, such as railroads or public utilities, and even to individuals for purpose of acquiring access to landlocked property. 
Throughout its history, the U.S. Supreme Court has consistently deferred the right of eminent domain to the states, in accordance with their own determinations of public use.

A Guide to the Legal Aspects of Technology

A Guide to the Legal Aspects of Technology

What is Technology?
 
 
With regard to technology – both in its respective development, advancement, and usage – the opportunities presented as a result can initiate a wide array of opportunities and efforts. Technology can be implemented for a variety of means, ranging from commercial advancement to accelerated communication on both domestic and global levels.
 
 
However, within any new advancement and discovery, the risk of corollary criminal activity may also be present; as a result, the regulation of Technology is considered to be an necessity with regard to the establishment of legal, lawful, and ethical protocol with regard to those utilizing the Technology in question – furthermore, legislation involving specific Technology is considered to be an instrument of legal protection with regards to the rights belonging to citizens of that nation.
 
 
Technology and Cyber Law
 
 
Cyber Law or Computer Law – is considered by many to be one of the most recently-developed legal fields as a result of the ongoing advent of Technology; Computer-based technology heavily relies on the Internet and online activity. 
 
 
As a result, regulations and oversight of this type of activity has been expressed in the realm of Cyber Law – this legal field tends to be fairly expansive, consisting of a variety of avenues and jurisdictions, including the ethical and moral use of Technology for lawful and legal purposes. However, Computer and Technology-based crimes have been identified and classified within the realm of Cyber Law can be found below:
 
 
Data Theft: The illegal possession of information, data, or records belonging to another individual or entity through the use of a computer
 
 
Solicitation of a Minor: The attempt to engage a minor – or child – in the participation in sexual activity; this can range from physical sex crimes to virtual sex crimes
 
 
Online Sex Crimes: Online Sex Crimes are defined as the participation or engagement in sexually-predatory – or sexually-exploitative behavior through the facilitation of various means of technology, which may include the ownership, transmission, or receipt of illicit and illegal pornography
 
 
Computer Fraud: The unlawful disbursement of unsecured and fraudulent programs or documentation with the intent defraud; this can include Spamming, Phishing, and Spyware
 
 
Illegal File Transfer(s): The use of Bit Torrent technology, Peer-to-Peer network file sharing, and any other means of the unlawful, unauthorized transmission of digital, copyrighted media and intellectual property
 
 
What is Information Technology (IT)?
 
Information technology is defined as the management structure and utilization of technological, electronic, informational, and computational means in order to perform business and commercial operations; in addition, information technology includes the organization, communication, and function of business operations – the following are some components of information technology utilized to enhance internet business:
 
 
Information technology can be used for the development and management of online organization and storage systems housing electronic data and records that are maintained by an internet business
 
 
Information technology can be used for the inspection updating, and maintenance of online commercial software used by an internet business
 
Information technology can be used for the monitoring, moderating, and upkeep of a secured computer network, which reduces the risk for computer malfunctions, loss of information, and security breaches and compromises in networks utilized by internet business