Home Cyber Bullying

Cyber Bullying

Understanding the Megan Meier Case

Understanding the Megan Meier Case

Megan Meier and Cyber-Bullying
Megan Meier was a 13-year-old girl who had attended the Immaculate Conception Middle School in Dardenne Prairie, Missouri. She took her own life shortly before her 14th birthday as a result of what was deemed bullying taking place over the Internet, or ‘Cyber-Bullying’.
Megan Meier is considered to be amongst the first cases of suicide resulting from Cyber-Bullying in the United States of America. However, in contrast to a large majority of Cyber-Bullying cases that has followed Meier’s case, in which the bullying is typically undertaken by fellow peers and classmates, Lori Drew, who was the parent of a fellow student, was charged with masterminding the bullying of Megan Meier.
What is Cyber-Bullying?
Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, which most commonly is classified as Internet or Online-based forums. This type of verbal, emotional debasement directed at the victim is a nature of abuse that can come from both acquaintances of the victim, as well as individuals who have never met the victim. 
Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent within a virtual, digital realm, Cyber-Bullying can take place through the implementation of a vast array of media, including text, pictures, and videos.

Who was Megan Meier?

Megan Meier took her own life on October 17th, 2006. She was 13 years old.


Case Details of Megan Meier’s Suicide

The following information details the events that transpired both leading up to the suicide of Megan Meier, as well as the after-effects of Megan Meier’s suicide:
Upon moving from O’Fallon, Missouri to Dardenne Prairie, Missouri, where she had been a childhood friend of the daughter of Lori Drew, Megan Meier had informed the daughter of Lori Drew that she no longer wished to be acquainted with her. Lori Drew suspected that Megan Meier was gossiping about her daughter to her fellow students.
As a result, Lori Drew, along with an individual under her employ, undertook Cyber-Bullying efforts directed at Megan Meier through which they posed as a 16-year-old boy in order to forge a relationship with Megan Meier. Throughout this fraudulent relationship, Lori Drew obtained a multitude of personal information about Megan Meier. Drew had planned to humiliate Megan Meier with this acquired information.
Upon the completion of her Cyber-Bullying efforts, Lori Drew, posing as a 16-year-old boy, suggested that Megan Meier take her own life. Megan Meier, who was diagnosed with depression and attention deficit disorder, complied.
United States v. Lori Drew


Lori Drew was charged for the death of Megan Meier as a result of her participation in Cyber-Bullying efforts considered to be responsible for Meier’s death. In addition, Ashley Grills, the 18-year-old employee of Drew, was called to testify in the case. However, the verdict rendered acquitted Lori Drew of her contribution to the death of Megan Meier.

Assistance for Victims of Cyber-Bullying
Individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying, as well as those who have been made aware of events of Cyber-Bullying, are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272. In the event that an individual wishes not to be named, reports of Cyber-Bullying can be conducted anonymously.
Cyber-Bullying is a very real and growing concern within modernity and the tragic events that befell Megan Meier do not have to be repeated. There is help available – no one ever deserves to be victimized. 

Who is Seth Walsh

Who is Seth Walsh

Seth Walsh and Cyber-Bullying
Seth Walsh was a 13-year-old student who attended the Jacobsen Middle School in Tehachapi, California. Due to the fact that Seth Walsh  was an admitted homosexual, he became the target of bullying, both in school, as well as through the Internet. 
As a result of ridicule by fellow classmates, both through verbal abuse, as well as online slander and harassment, Seth Walsh took his own life by hanging himself from a tree in the backyard of his home.
What is Cyber-Bullying?
Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, which most commonly is classified as Internet or Online-based forums. This type of verbal, emotional debasement directed at the victim is a nature of abuse that can come from both acquaintances of the victim, as well as individuals who have never met the victim. Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent within a virtual, digital realm, Cyber-Bullying can take place through the implementation of a vast array of media, including text, pictures, and videos.

Who was Seth Walsh?

Seth Walsh took his own life on September 9th, 2010. He was 13 years old.
Case Details of Seth Walsh’s Suicide

The following information details the events that transpired both leading up to the suicide of Seth Walsh, as well as the after-effects of Seth Walsh’s suicide:
Subsequent to what was reported as merciless bullying, Seth Walsh chose to end his life. However, prior to his death, he was discovered and rushed to the emergency room where he remained in critical condition for almost 10 days until the life support system was rendered unable to keep Walsh alive.
Although many reports have surfaced with regard to the abuse suffered by Seth Walsh, no formal charges were filed with regard to the perpetrators of his bullying.
Cyber-Bullying and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Community
The LGBT Community is an advocacy group operating as a Civil Rights group in order to both protect and preserve the unalienable rights afforded to citizens who classify themselves as homosexual. With regard to Seth Walsh’s tragic suicide and the existence of hate-based bullying and intimidation, the LGBT Community serves as a means of protection against inequity and injustices suffered upon them as a result of undue prejudice, bias, and hate.
The LGBT Community not only offers resources and assistance to those individuals victimized by Cyber-Bullying, but also undertakes lobbying endeavors in order to ensure that the fate of Seth Walsh is not repeated.


Assistance for Victims of Cyber-Bullying

Individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying, as well as those who have been made aware of events of Cyber-Bullying, are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272. In the event that an individual wishes not to be named, reports of Cyber-Bullying can be conducted anonymously.
Cyber-Bullying is a very real and growing concern within modernity and the tragic events that befell Seth Walsh do not have to be repeated. There is help available – no one ever deserves to be victimized. 

Understanding the Tyler Clementi Case

Understanding the Tyler Clementi Case

Tyler Clementi and Cyber-Bullying
Tyler Clementi was a college student at Rutgers University in the State of New Jersey who was the victim of Cyber-Bullying as a result of his sexual orientation. Tyler Clementi, a homosexual, was unknowingly videotaped by his college roommate, Dharun Ravi, in the midst of engaging in sexual activity with an unnamed male partner.
Dharun Ravi had not only videotaped Tyler Clementi, violating his privacy in the process, but also broadcasted the footage of Tyler Clementi and his partner to fellow students. 
Dharun Ravi not only videotaped Tyler Clementi on more than one occasion, but also publicized Clementi’s sexual activity. Upon the filing of multiple complaints to his Resident Advisor about Dharun Ravi’s behavior, Clementi maintained that no recourse was offered. As a result, Tyler Clementi took his own life.
What is Cyber-Bullying?

Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, most commonly classified as Internet or Online-based forums. This type of verbal, emotional debasement directed at the victim is a nature of abuse that can come from both acquaintances of the victim, as well as individuals who have never met the victim. Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent within a virtual, digital realm, Cyber-Bullying can take place through the implementation of a vast array of media, including text, pictures, and videos.
Who was Tyler Clementi?

Tyler Clementi took his own life on September 22nd, 2010. Upon leaving a message on his Facebook page explaining that he was planning to take his own life, he jumped to his death from the George Washington Bridge in Manhattan, New York. He was 18 years old.
Case Details of Tyler Clementi’s Suicide

The following information details the events that transpired both leading up to the suicide of Tyler Clementi, as well as the after-effects of Tyler Clementi’s suicide:
On September 19th, 2010, Dharun Ravi both publicizes and broadcasts illegally-captured videos of Tyler Clementi to fellow students for the first time;
On September 21st, 2010, Dharun Ravi both publicizes and broadcasts illegally-captured videos of Tyler Clementi to fellow students for the second time;


Applicable Criminal Charges

In addition to the charge of Cyber-Bullying, both Dharun Ravi and Molly Wei, an accomplice of Ravi, are accused of the following charges:
●  Committing a Hate Crime through the enactment of criminal activity resulting from prejudice and bias;
●  Online Trespass and the violation of privacy laws;
Cyber-Bullying and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Community
The LGBT Community is an advocacy group operating as a Civil Rights group in order to both protect and preserve the unalienable rights afforded to citizens who classify themselves as homosexual. With regard to Tyler Clementi’s tragic suicide and the existence of hate-based bullying and intimidation, the LGBT Community serves a means of protection against inequity and injustices suffered upon them as a result of undue prejudice, bias, and hate.
The LGBT Community not only offers resources and assistance to those individuals victimized by Cyber-Bullying, but also undertakes lobbying endeavors in order to ensure that the fate of Tyler Clementi is not repeated.

Assistance for Victims of Cyber-Bullying
Individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying, as well as those who have been made aware of events of Cyber-Bullying, are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272. In the event that an individual wishes not to be named, reports of Cyber-Bullying can be conducted anonymously.
Cyber-Bullying is a very real and growing concern within modernity and the tragic events that befell Tyler Clementi do not have to be repeated. There is help available; no one ever deserves to be victimized. 

What are the Most Shocking Cyber Bullying Statistics

What are the Most Shocking Cyber Bullying Statistics

What are Cyber-Bullying Statistics?
Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, most commonly classified as Internet or Online-based forums. Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent to a virtual realm, Cyber-Bullying Statistics are released in order to elucidate the growth of Cyber-Bullying, but also its effects, as well as the varying natures of methodology latent within Cyber-Bullying, are set forth by various advocacy groups in order to prevent the spread of Cyber-Bullying.
Perhaps the most shocking Cyber-Bullying Statistics released convey the tragic effects of this crime on children and minors, classified as individuals below the age(s) of legal adulthood. Cyber-Bullying Statistics demonstrate that children are considered to be the primary targets of Cyber-Bullying. 

Cyber-Bullying Statistics with regard to the Victims’ Ages and Stature

Due to the fact that the age(s) of the victims of Cyber-Bullying exist in what is considered to be ‘mid-developmental stages’, the effects of Cyber-Bullying is considered to pose great threats to the emotional well-being of its victims. The following Cyber-Bullying Statistics exist with regard to the age(s) of Cyber-Bullying victims:
Cyber-Bullying taking place through the  use of social networking websites is considered to account for the setting in which the majority of Cyber-Bullying takes place. 60% of children between the age(s) of 10 and 17 have reported instances of Cyber-Bullying through the use of such websites.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics state that children between the age(s) of 11 and 13 are amongst the most common victims of Cyber-Bullying. Statistics reflect that upwards of 90% of children between these ages have been victims of Cyber-Bullying.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics explain that female children are almost 50% more likely to become victimized by Cyber-Bullying than their male counterparts.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics with regard to the Frequency of Victimization
Cyber-Bullying Statistics released have expressed that the trend of Cyber-Bullying has grown almost 50% between the years 2009 and 2010. Advocacy groups and lobbyists maintain that raised awareness and improved preventative measures will greatly reduce the frequency of future Cyber-Bullying.
The following Cyber-Bullying Statistics express the frequency of these events:
Upwards of 40% of children have claimed to be the victims of Cyber-Bullying. In addition, 10% of these victims have reported that they have been victims of Cyber-Bullying in more than one instance.
Almost of 40% of children have claimed to the be the victims of Cyber-Bullying through the implementation of threats posed by Cyber-Bullies. In addition, almost 10% of these victims have reported that they have received threats on more than one occasion.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics explain that upwards of 20% of children have received threats and abusive sentiments through direct correspondence, including E-mail and social networking-hosted correspondence.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics with regard to the Reporting of Offenses

Individuals are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272.
Cyber-Bullying is considered to be a crime of both an abusive and harassing nature. Neither you nor anyone else is required to undergo any nature of abuse.
Cyber-Bullying Statistics illustrate that within the gross number of victims of Cyber-Bullying, almost 60% of the victims have chosen not to report the Cyber-Bullying in which they were victimized.
Upwards of 50% of children have admitted to engaging in mean or hurtful speech within an online setting.

Why Does the Sharing of Cyber Bullying Stories Help?

Why Does the Sharing of Cyber Bullying Stories Help?

What are Cyber-Bullying Stories?

Cyber-Bullying Stories are recounts of experiences which individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying may choose to express in order to report the details and circumstances of their respective victimization from abuse and harassment taking place within a virtual setting. The reporting of Cyber-Bullying Stories may take place for a variety of purposes, including the desire to provide a support and assistance for other individuals who have been, or are currently, victims of Cyber-Bullying.
Why Does the Sharing of Cyber-Bullying Stories Help?

Although the implicit nature latent within the vast expanse of Cyber-Bullying Stories varies in nature, severity, and the victims involved, their expression has provided, and continues to provide, support and informational resources with regard to both the proliferation of awareness and preventative measures available in dealing with Cyber-Bullying.
The following facts about Cyber-Bullying illustrate why the exchange of this information is considered to be so valuable:
The primary ages of the victims of Cyber-Bullying are considered to be in the midst of the developmental stage. As a result, the effects of Cyber-Bullying are considered to pose great threats to the emotional well-being of its victims. The exchange and proliferation of Cyber-Bullying Stories may provide both emotional support, as well as informational support to children victimized by Cyber-Bullying.
Cyber-Bullying Stories may be shared within a vast array of forums or settings, which can include lectures, workshops, focus groups, literature, and seminars, all of which may allow for the abuse suffered by victims of Cyber-Bullying to proliferate the awareness of the potential damage latent within each circumstance of Cyber-Bullying.
Types of Cyber-Bullying Stories

Cyber-Bullying Stories may involve a variety of circumstances and events that span the scope of charges and offenses inherent within Cyber-Bullying. Due to the expansive nature of this crime, Cyber-Bullying Stories can range both in nature, as well as the implicit victimization.
Emotional and Psychological Cyber-Bullying Stories will typically include the verbal or emotional debasement of the victim involved, ranging from the issue of threats to the expression of emotional abuse. An example of a victim of this type of Cyber-Bullying is Megan Meir, who tragically took her own life on October 17th, 2006, after being verbally abused online.
Sexual Cyber-Bullying Stories may include victimization resulting from abuse and harassment with regard to personal information, which includes sexual orientation or sexual preference. An example of a victim of this type of Cyber-Bullying is Tyler Clementi, who tragically took his own life on September 22nd, 2010, after his roommate released a video of him, recorded illegally. In the ultimate violation of privacy, this video portrayed Clementi engaging in sexual activity with another male.

Reporting Cyber-Bullying Stories

Due to the ages of the victims, both the emotional and physical effects of Cyber-Bullying are considered as being amongst the most severe. For this reason, Cyber-Bullying Stories may serve as invaluable resources and assistance to other individual victims who are experiencing Cyber-Bullying. However, prior to the sharing of Cyber-Bullying Stories with support groups, victims of Cyber-Bullying are encouraged to report circumstances of which they have been a victim to the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number (202) 466-6272 in order to receive immediate help and support.

5 Questions Answered About Cyber Stalking

5 Questions Answered About Cyber Stalking

What is Cyber-Stalking?

Cyber-Stalking is defined as the unlawful act of collecting or amassing an individual’s private information with regards to the internet, a computer, or alternative electronic network. This can include the illegal trespass onto a computer terminal or network belonging to the victim. Furthermore, Cyber-Stalking can be enacted in order to illicitly spy or watch another individual in which the intent is considered to be inherently criminal and unlawful in nature.
 
Both the reliance on and the availability of online information resulting from online communications and electronic networks, personal and private data can be accessed more freely. Oftentimes, the presence of unsecured networks, internet crime, privacy, and illicit use of information technology are the primary catalysts for the undertaking of Cyber-Stalking.
What are the Various Types of Cyber-Stalking?

Due to the fact that Cyber-Stalking is classified as criminal activity that is interpersonal in nature, the inclusion of at least two individuals is typical with regard to its enactment. In the event of Cyber-Stalking, a victim and the perpetrator exist.
Cyber-Stalking involves the ‘stalker’ participating in invasive, intrusive, and inappropriate behavior taking place through the use of online networks and computer systems that are conducted in a clandestine fashion. The following are the most common examples of Cyber-Stalking:
Subversive Cyber-Stalking: involves intrusive acts that are performed unbeknownst to the victims that elicit discomfort, fear, or violation.
Obsessive Cyber-Stalking: typically retains sociopathic tendencies with regard to its enactment, which include the perpetrator engaging with the victim in an unsolicited, unrequested, and intrusive manner. This can occur through the undertaking on online-based observation, witness, or recording of activities involving the victim.
What is the Difference Between Cyber-Stalking and Online Harassment?

The primary difference between Cyber-Stalking and online harassment resides within the individual behaviors contributory to the charge itself. While online harassment is a crime, both the behavior and intent latent within events potentially classified as Cyber-Stalking are not always inherently criminal.
Typically, the collective analysis of events and activities in which an individual participates is the gauge of a Cyber-Stalking charge. For example, accessing electronic information deemed to be available for access within the public domain without expressed consent, while devoid of any intended harm varies within its classification as Cyber-Stalking. 
Yet, accessing electronic information deemed to be available for access within the public domain without expressed consent for the purpose of conducting illicit activity, including the existence of harassment or threats, will typically be viewed as criminal activity.

What is Sexual Cyber-Stalking?
Cyber-Stalking occurring in both non-consensual and sexual fashions resulting in the invasion of another individual’s privacy, in addition to the encroachment on the private, virtual space belonging to another individual, may be classified as sexual in nature. This can also include Cyber-Stalking resembling sexual harassment, classified as the unwelcomed, lewd, and illicit sexual advances undertaken in a clandestine manner. 


How Can Cyber-Stalking be Reported?
In the event that an individual has been made aware of illegal or unlawful Cyber-Stalking taking place, they have to opportunity to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272.

Understanding the Asher Brown Case

Understanding the Asher Brown Case

How Was Asher Brown Bullied?

Asher Brown was an 8th grader who attended the Hamilton Middle School in Houston, Texas. Subsequent to what was reported as incessant abuse, teasing, and harassment, Asher Brown took his own life. The details surrounding the tragic events that had befallen Asher Brown reveal a finite classification with regard to the nature of the bullying and abuse targeted towards Brown, which are considered to have resulted from his assumed homosexuality.
Following his death, the parents of Asher Brown explained that their son had been the victim of abuse and ridicule ranging in nature from attacks on Brown’s sexuality to the choice of clothing worn by Brown. Furthermore, Asher Brown’s parents maintained that they had filed complaints regarding the bullying experienced by their son for upwards of 18 months without sufficient recourse. Asher Brown was bullied both in school, as well as the recipient of abuse and harassment through the use of the Internet.
What is Cyber-Bullying?

Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, most commonly classified as Internet or Online-based forums. This type of verbal, emotional debasement directed at the victim is a nature of abuse that can come from both acquaintances of the victim, as well as individuals who have never met the victim.
Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent within a virtual, digital realm, Cyber-Bullying can take place through the implementation of a vast array of media, including text, pictures, and videos.

Who was Asher Brown?
Asher Brown took his own life on September 28th, 2010. He was 13 years old.


Case Details of Asher Brown’s Suicide

The following information details the events that transpired both leading up to the suicide of Asher Brown, as well as the after-effects of Asher Brown’s suicide:
Following what was deemed as relentless abuse and harassment resulting from his perceived homosexuality, Asher Brown shot himself in the head with a pistol in his home.
No criminal charges were filed with regard to Asher Brown’s abusers due to the fact that Brown’s parents were unable to provide sufficient documentation of the bullying that had transpired online.
Cyber-Bullying and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Community
The LGBT Community is an advocacy group operating as a Civil Rights group in order to both protect and preserve the unalienable rights afforded to citizens who classify themselves as homosexual. With regard to Asher Brown’s tragic suicide and the existence of hate-based bullying and intimidation, the LGBT Community serves a means of protection against inequity and injustices suffered by them as a result of undue prejudice, bias, and hate.
The LGBT Community not only offers resources and assistance to those individuals victimized by Cyber-Bullying, but also undertakes lobbying endeavors in order to ensure that the fate of Asher Brown is not repeated.
Assistance for Victims of Cyber-Bullying

Individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying, as well as those who have been made aware of events of Cyber-Bullying, are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272. In the event that an individual wishes not to be named, reports of Cyber-Bullying can be conducted anonymously.
Cyber-Bullying is a very real and growing concern within modernity and the tragic events that befell Asher Brown do not have to be repeated. There is help available – no one ever deserves to be victimized. 

Understanding the Billy Lucas Case

Understanding the Billy Lucas Case

Billy Lucas and Bullying
Billy Lucas was a 15-year-old student who attended Greensburg High School in Greensburg, Indiana. As a result of his admitted homosexuality, Billy Lucas quickly became the victim of Bullying, which ranged from its occurrence on school grounds, as well as over the Internet.
Details with regard to the review of Billy Lucas’s suicide report that although the abuse and harassment suffered by Lucas was reported to the School Board on multiple occasions, these reports rendered little to no recourse with regard to the protection and preservation of Billy Lucas’s rights. 
Accounts given with regard to the treatment of Billy Lucas include physical assaults, as well as verbal and emotional abuse conducted over various, online-based social media websites. 

What is Cyber-Bullying?

Cyber-Bullying is an act of harassment and abuse that takes place within a digital setting, most commonly classified as Internet or Online-based forums. This type of verbal, emotional debasement directed at the victim is a nature of abuse that can come from both acquaintances of the victim, as well as individuals who have never met the victim.
Due to the fact that the act of Cyber-Bullying is inherent within a virtual, digital realm, Cyber-Bullying can take place through the implementation of a vast array of media, including text, pictures, and videos.
Who was Billy Lucas?

Billy Lucas took his own life on September 13th, 2010. He was 15 years old:
Case Details of Billy Lucas’s Suicide

The following information details the events that transpired both leading up to the suicide of Billy Lucas, as well as the after-effects of Billy Lucas’s suicide:
On September 13th, 2010, Billy Lucas hung himself inside of the barn owned by his family. Shortly after he took his own life, he was discovered by his mother.
Subsequent to his suicide, Billy Lucas continued to be the victim of Cyber-Bullying. Upon his death, a memorial page was created on the social networking website Facebook as a memorial for his life. Shortly after its creation, abusive and harassing comments slandering Billy Lucas began to appear on his memorial page.
No formal charges for the Cyber-bullying experienced by Billy Lucas were ever filed.
Cyber-Bullying and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Community
The LGBT Community is an advocacy group operating as a Civil Rights group in order to both protect and preserve the unalienable rights afforded to citizens who classify themselves as homosexual. With regard to Billy Lucas’s tragic suicide and the existence of hate-based bullying and intimidation, the LGBT Community serves a means of protection against inequity and injustices suffered upon them as a result of undue prejudice, bias, and hate.
The LGBT Community not only offers resources and assistance to those individuals victimized by Cyber-Bullying, but also undertakes lobbying endeavors in order to ensure that the fate of Billy Lucas is not repeated.

Assistance for Victims of Cyber-Bullying
Individuals who have been the victims of Cyber-Bullying, as well as those who have been made aware of events of Cyber-Bullying, are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272. In the event that an individual wishes not to be named, reports of Cyber-Bullying can be conducted anonymously.
Cyber-Bullying is a very real and growing concern within modernity and the tragic events that befell Billy Lucas do not have to be repeated. There is help available – no one ever deserves to be victimized. 

A Guide to Understanding the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

A Guide to Understanding the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

What is the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act?
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act is a piece of Federal legislation that was passed in 1986 by Congress in order to provide for the protection and regulation of activity undertaken with regard to computer networks ranging from personal to commercial in nature. The Act was passed in accordance with the advancement of the digital age, which was estimated to undergo further growth even as far back as 1986.
The primary stipulations mentioned within the text of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act enacted regulatory and administrative measures with regard to the determination of legal considerations and permissibility of inter-personal computer access.
‘Hackers’ are defined as individuals undertaking unlawful, unauthorized entry into computer terminals, databases, or virtual networks belonging to another individual with the intent to commit a crime or cause destruction. 
In response to the proliferation of computer ‘Hacking’, the initial draft of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act expressed that only Government computers could be subject to the protective legislation provided by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
Since 1986, alterations have been made to the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which have resulted in the expanse of protection onto computer terminals and networks existing within both the private and commercial sectors.

Profile of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
The following are amongst the most pertinent details of the passing of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which include both the stipulation addressed within the statutory legislation expressed by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, but also additional criminal charges and offenses regulated within the text of the act:
Legal Jurisdiction: In conjunction to its passing in 1986, the Act is classified under the legal jurisdiction of Administrative Law, Criminal Law, Commercial Law, and Cyber Law.

Standards and Practices Cited within the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act:
Amongst the multitude of statutes expressed by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, perhaps the most prominent is the classification of access to which was given the categorization of either ‘authorized’ or ‘unauthorized’. Within the realm of expressed authorization, the individual identification of the nature of that authorization is considered to be the primary catalyst for the determination of any or all violations of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. Unauthorized access to governmental computers is considered to include attempts to enact the following criminal activity:
Tampering with the internal infrastructure and operation of a computer, which results in an alteration of that computer’s performance.
Intentionally installing or inserting foreign software into the internal operations system of a computer for the purpose of causing destruction, harm, or damage with regard to the performance and information latent within that computer.
Intentionally accessing any information stored within an individual computer system to which the permissibility of access is not expressed or expressly prohibited.
Intentionally obtaining or gathering information stored within a computer that is considered to be privileged. This includes information inherent within foreign relations, national security, and confidentiality.

4 Types of Preventative Cyber-Bullying Articles You Must Read

4 Types of Preventative Cyber-Bullying Articles You Must Read

What are Cyber-Bullying Articles?


Cyber-Bullying Articles are text, speech, or video-based publications that address Cyber-Bullying, which is defined as abuse or harassment that takes place within a virtual or digital setting primarily over the Internet. Cyber-Bullying can include the facilitation of social networking, electronic mail (E-Mail), or ‘Chat Rooms’ in order to undertake that activity.
The rise of the release of Cyber-Bullying Articles has taken place in tandem with the growing rate of Cyber-Bullying taking place within modernity, as well as the tragic effects that it has rendered with regard to children and minors. Currently, individuals below the age of legal adulthood are considered to be the primary targets of Cyber-Bullying.
Cyber-Bullying Articles Addressing the Various Types of Cyber-
Bullying
Cyber-Bullying Articles dealing with abuse and harassment taking place within virtual settings include insight and exploration of the varying types of Cyber-Bullying, defined as the illegal and unlawful abuse of individuals, as well as unwelcomed virtual harmful or damaging interaction with computer users. These Cyber-Bullying Articles may include the provision of information contribution to the prevention of the following:
The unlawful seizure of personal data belonging to others in order to facilitate extortive measures. This type of harassment – ranging from sexual to physical in nature – is an intrusive method of Cyber-Bullying latent with methodological, threatening, or sociopathic tendencies in order to abuse and harass another.
Cyber-Bullying Articles Addressing the Various Media within Cyber-Bullying

Cyber-Bullying Articles, which include the various criminal activities undertaken in order to commit Cyber-Bullying, may include harassment. Media – including pictures, text, or video – may result in the exploitation and subsequent manipulation of another individual or entity through otherwise legal means, such as the threat to release private media, documents, or information.


Cyber-Bullying Articles Addressing the Legality of Cyber-Bullying

Cyber-Bullying Articles addressing the legislation employed within the classification of online-based crime can take place in a variety of methods. This legal field is classified as Cyber Law. The Cyber Law precepts mandate Cyber-Bullying taking place through the facilitation of a computer terminal or electronic communicative network.
Upon the receipt of a claim or report of alleged Cyber-Bullying, the decorum, legality, ethics, nature, and behavior will undergo analysis. Due to the fact that the advent of the internet, as well as the multitude of virtual incarnations of endeavors once considered specific to the physical world, the legal fields and tenets are in constant evolution. Cyber-Bullying Articles can assist in not only the filing of such claims, but may also serve to provide assistance with legal action.


Cyber-Bullying Articles Addressing the Effects of Cyber-Bullying

Cyber-Bullying Articles elucidating the tragic and dramatic effects that Cyber-Bullying may have on a victim include a wide range of mental and emotional disorders identified as direct effects of Cyber-Bullying, including the development of emotional and mental disorders ranging from depression to self-harm. In the event of alleged Cyber-Bullying activities, individuals are encouraged to contact the National Crime Prevention Council through their telephone number: (202) 466-6272.